QGeoPositionInfoSource Class

The QGeoPositionInfoSource class is an abstract base class for the distribution of positional updates. More...

Header: #include <QGeoPositionInfoSource>
qmake: QT += positioning
Since: Qt 5.2
Inherits: QObject
Inherited By:


Public Types

enum Error { AccessError, ClosedError, NoError, UnknownSourceError }
enum PositioningMethod { NoPositioningMethods, SatellitePositioningMethods, NonSatellitePositioningMethods, AllPositioningMethods }
flags PositioningMethods


  • 1 property inherited from QObject

Public Functions

QGeoPositionInfoSource(QObject *parent)
virtual ~QGeoPositionInfoSource()
virtual QGeoPositionInfoSource::Error error() const = 0
virtual QGeoPositionInfo lastKnownPosition(bool fromSatellitePositioningMethodsOnly = ...) const = 0
virtual int minimumUpdateInterval() const = 0
QGeoPositionInfoSource::PositioningMethods preferredPositioningMethods() const
virtual void setPreferredPositioningMethods(QGeoPositionInfoSource::PositioningMethods methods)
virtual void setUpdateInterval(int msec)
QString sourceName() const
virtual QGeoPositionInfoSource::PositioningMethods supportedPositioningMethods() const = 0
int updateInterval() const
  • 31 public functions inherited from QObject

Public Slots

virtual void requestUpdate(int timeout = ...) = 0
virtual void startUpdates() = 0
virtual void stopUpdates() = 0
  • 1 public slot inherited from QObject


void error(QGeoPositionInfoSource::Error positioningError)
void positionUpdated(const QGeoPositionInfo &update)
void supportedPositioningMethodsChanged()
void updateTimeout()

Static Public Members

QStringList availableSources()
QGeoPositionInfoSource *createDefaultSource(QObject *parent)
QGeoPositionInfoSource *createSource(const QString &sourceName, QObject *parent)
const QMetaObject staticMetaObject
  • 9 static public members inherited from QObject

Additional Inherited Members

  • 9 protected functions inherited from QObject

Detailed Description

The QGeoPositionInfoSource class is an abstract base class for the distribution of positional updates.

The static function QGeoPositionInfoSource::createDefaultSource() creates a default position source that is appropriate for the platform, if one is available. Otherwise, QGeoPositionInfoSource will check for available plugins that implement the QGeoPositionInfoSourceFactory interface.

Users of a QGeoPositionInfoSource subclass can request the current position using requestUpdate(), or start and stop regular position updates using startUpdates() and stopUpdates(). When an update is available, positionUpdated() is emitted. The last known position can be accessed with lastKnownPosition().

If regular position updates are required, setUpdateInterval() can be used to specify how often these updates should be emitted. If no interval is specified, updates are simply provided whenever they are available. For example:

  // Emit updates every 10 seconds if available
  QGeoPositionInfoSource *source = QGeoPositionInfoSource::createDefaultSource(0);
  if (source)

To remove an update interval that was previously set, call setUpdateInterval() with a value of 0.

Note that the position source may have a minimum value requirement for update intervals, as returned by minimumUpdateInterval().

Member Type Documentation

enum QGeoPositionInfoSource::Error

The Error enumeration represents the errors which can occur.

QGeoPositionInfoSource::AccessError0The connection setup to the remote positioning backend failed because the application lacked the required privileges.
QGeoPositionInfoSource::ClosedError1The remote positioning backend closed the connection, which happens for example in case the user is switching location services to off. As soon as the location service is re-enabled regular updates will resume.
QGeoPositionInfoSource::NoError3No error has occurred.
QGeoPositionInfoSource::UnknownSourceError2An unidentified error occurred.

enum QGeoPositionInfoSource::PositioningMethod
flags QGeoPositionInfoSource::PositioningMethods

Defines the types of positioning methods.

QGeoPositionInfoSource::NoPositioningMethods0x00000000None of the positioning methods.
QGeoPositionInfoSource::SatellitePositioningMethods0x000000ffSatellite-based positioning methods such as GPS or GLONASS.
QGeoPositionInfoSource::NonSatellitePositioningMethods0xffffff00Other positioning methods such as 3GPP cell identifier or WiFi based positioning.
QGeoPositionInfoSource::AllPositioningMethods0xffffffffSatellite-based positioning methods as soon as available. Otherwise non-satellite based methods.

The PositioningMethods type is a typedef for QFlags<PositioningMethod>. It stores an OR combination of PositioningMethod values.

Property Documentation

minimumUpdateInterval : const int

This property holds the minimum time (in milliseconds) required to retrieve a position update.

This is the minimum value accepted by setUpdateInterval() and requestUpdate().

Access functions:

virtual int minimumUpdateInterval() const = 0

sourceName : const QString

This property holds the unique name of the position source implementation in use.

This is the same name that can be passed to createSource() in order to create a new instance of a particular position source implementation.

Access functions:

QString sourceName() const

updateInterval : int

This property holds the requested interval in milliseconds between each update.

If the update interval is not set (or is set to 0) the source will provide updates as often as necessary.

If the update interval is set, the source will provide updates at an interval as close to the requested interval as possible. If the requested interval is less than the minimumUpdateInterval(), the minimum interval is used instead.

Changes to the update interval will happen as soon as is practical, however the time the change takes may vary between implementations. Whether or not the elapsed time from the previous interval is counted as part of the new interval is also implementation dependent.

The default value for this property is 0.

Note: Subclass implementations must call the base implementation of setUpdateInterval() so that updateInterval() returns the correct value.

Access functions:

int updateInterval() const
virtual void setUpdateInterval(int msec)

Member Function Documentation

QGeoPositionInfoSource::QGeoPositionInfoSource(QObject *parent)

Creates a position source with the specified parent.

[virtual] QGeoPositionInfoSource::~QGeoPositionInfoSource()

Destroys the position source.

[static] QStringList QGeoPositionInfoSource::availableSources()

Returns a list of available source plugins. This includes any default backend plugin for the current platform.

[static] QGeoPositionInfoSource *QGeoPositionInfoSource::createDefaultSource(QObject *parent)

Creates and returns a position source with the given parent that reads from the system's default sources of location data, or the plugin with the highest available priority.

Returns 0 if the system has no default position source, no valid plugins could be found or the user does not have the permission to access the current position.

[static] QGeoPositionInfoSource *QGeoPositionInfoSource::createSource(const QString &sourceName, QObject *parent)

Creates and returns a position source with the given parent, by loading the plugin named sourceName.

Returns 0 if the plugin cannot be found.

[pure virtual] QGeoPositionInfoSource::Error QGeoPositionInfoSource::error() const

Returns the type of error that last occurred.

[signal] void QGeoPositionInfoSource::error(QGeoPositionInfoSource::Error positioningError)

This signal is emitted after an error occurred. The positioningError parameter describes the type of error that occurred.

This signal is not emitted when an updateTimeout() has occurred.

Note: Signal error is overloaded in this class. To connect to this signal by using the function pointer syntax, Qt provides a convenient helper for obtaining the function pointer as shown in this example:

  connect(geoPositionInfoSource, QOverload<QGeoPositionInfoSource::Error>::of(&QGeoPositionInfoSource::error),
      [=](QGeoPositionInfoSource::Error positioningError){ /* ... */ });

[pure virtual] QGeoPositionInfo QGeoPositionInfoSource::lastKnownPosition(bool fromSatellitePositioningMethodsOnly = ...) const

Returns an update containing the last known position, or a null update if none is available.

If fromSatellitePositioningMethodsOnly is true, this returns the last known position received from a satellite positioning method; if none is available, a null update is returned.

[signal] void QGeoPositionInfoSource::positionUpdated(const QGeoPositionInfo &update)

If startUpdates() or requestUpdate() is called, this signal is emitted when an update becomes available.

The update value holds the value of the new update.

QGeoPositionInfoSource::PositioningMethods QGeoPositionInfoSource::preferredPositioningMethods() const

Returns the positioning methods set by setPreferredPositioningMethods().

See also setPreferredPositioningMethods().

[pure virtual slot] void QGeoPositionInfoSource::requestUpdate(int timeout = ...)

Attempts to get the current position and emit positionUpdated() with this information. If the current position cannot be found within the given timeout (in milliseconds) or if timeout is less than the value returned by minimumUpdateInterval(), updateTimeout() is emitted.

If the timeout is zero, the timeout defaults to a reasonable timeout period as appropriate for the source.

This does nothing if another update request is in progress. However it can be called even if startUpdates() has already been called and regular updates are in progress.

If the source uses multiple positioning methods, it tries to get the current position from the most accurate positioning method within the given timeout.

[virtual] void QGeoPositionInfoSource::setPreferredPositioningMethods(QGeoPositionInfoSource::PositioningMethods methods)

Sets the preferred positioning methods for this source to methods.

If methods includes a method that is not supported by the source, the unsupported method will be ignored.

If methods does not include a single method available/supported by the source, the preferred methods will be set to the set of methods which the source has available. If the source has no method availabe (e.g. because its Location service is turned off or it does not offer a Location service), the passed methods are accepted as they are.

Note: When reimplementing this method, subclasses must call the base method implementation to ensure preferredPositioningMethods() returns the correct value.

See also preferredPositioningMethods() and supportedPositioningMethods().

[pure virtual slot] void QGeoPositionInfoSource::startUpdates()

Starts emitting updates at regular intervals as specified by setUpdateInterval().

If setUpdateInterval() has not been called, the source will emit updates as soon as they become available.

An updateTimeout() signal will be emitted if this QGeoPositionInfoSource subclass determines that it will not be able to provide regular updates. This could happen if a satellite fix is lost or if a hardware error is detected. Position updates will recommence if the data becomes available later on. The updateTimeout() signal will not be emitted again until after the periodic updates resume.

On iOS, starting from version 8, Core Location framework requires additional entries in the application's Info.plist with keys NSLocationAlwaysUsageDescription or NSLocationWhenInUseUsageDescription and a string to be displayed in the authorization prompt. The key NSLocationWhenInUseUsageDescription is used when requesting permission to use location services while the app is in the foreground. The key NSLocationAlwaysUsageDescription is used when requesting permission to use location services whenever the app is running (both the foreground and the background). If both entries are defined, NSLocationWhenInUseUsageDescription has a priority in the foreground mode.

[pure virtual slot] void QGeoPositionInfoSource::stopUpdates()

Stops emitting updates at regular intervals.

[pure virtual] QGeoPositionInfoSource::PositioningMethods QGeoPositionInfoSource::supportedPositioningMethods() const

Returns the positioning methods available to this source. Availability is defined as being usable at the time of calling this function. Therefore user settings like turned off location service or limitations to Satellite-based position providers are reflected by this function. Runtime notifications when the status changes can be obtained via supportedPositioningMethodsChanged().

Not all platforms distinguish the different positioning methods or communicate the current user configuration of the device. The following table provides an overview of the current platform situation:

PlatformBrief Description
AndroidIndividual provider status and general Location service state are known and communicated when location service is active.
GeoClueHardcoced to always return AllPositioningMethods.
GeoClue2Individual providers are not distinguishable but disabled Location services reflected.
iOS/tvOSHardcoced to always return AllPositioningMethods.
macOSHardcoced to always return AllPositioningMethods.
Windows (UWP)Individual providers are not distinguishable but disabled Location services reflected.

See also supportedPositioningMethodsChanged() and setPreferredPositioningMethods().

[signal] void QGeoPositionInfoSource::supportedPositioningMethodsChanged()

This signal is emitted when the supported positioning methods changed. The cause for a change could be a user turning Location services on/off or restricting Location services to certain types (e.g. GPS only). Note that changes to the supported positioning methods cannot be detected on all platforms. supportedPositioningMethods() provides an overview of the current platform support.

This function was introduced in Qt 5.12.

[signal] void QGeoPositionInfoSource::updateTimeout()

If requestUpdate() was called, this signal will be emitted if the current position could not be retrieved within the specified timeout.

If startUpdates() has been called, this signal will be emitted if this QGeoPositionInfoSource subclass determines that it will not be able to provide further regular updates. This signal will not be emitted again until after the regular updates resume.

While the triggering of this signal may be considered an error condition, it does not imply the emission of the error() signal. Only the emission of updateTimeout() is required to indicate a timeout.